Most families, especially with children, rely on multiple incomes to handle modern expenses that come with raising kids.
However, recent reports state 7 out of 10 American households still do not have enough available funds to cover the cost if one of those primary wage earners were to pass away. Yet many of these American families are putting off purchasing life insurance because they need to put their money towards other financial responsibilities.
Purchasing joint life insurance, like a second to die policy can be a great solution to this financial dilemma for both couples and business partners. Below, you’re going to learn what a second to die life insurance policy is, and why it might be a good purchase for you and your family.
What is Joint Life Insurance?
What is a Second-to-Die Policy?
Who Needs Second-to-Die Life Insurance?
Benefits of Second-to-Die Life Insurance
Cons of Second-to-Die Policies
Best Companies for a Second-to-Die Policy
Second-to-Die Life Insurance Rates
Finding the Best Second-to-Die Policiy
What is a Joint Life Insurance Policy?
- First-to-Die life insurance
- Second-to-Die (aka “survivorship”) life insurance
Each have benefits and drawbacks that we will cover below, but here is the main difference.
When is the Face Amount Paid Under a Joint Life or Survivor Policy?
For a first-to-die joint life insurance policy, the face amount is paid after one of the two insureds passes away. If you have survivorship life insurance, also known as a second-to-die policy, the face amount will be paid out to a beneficiary after both insureds die.
About First-to-Die Life Insurance
First-to-Die joint life insurance is when a couple or business partners purchase a permanent or term life insurance together. The life insurance coverage is issued as one policy with one premium amount but names two insureds (usually a couple or business partners).
Under the first-to-die joint life insurance policy terms, the life insurer would pay the face amount when the first person dies. The remaining partner will receive a lump sum death benefit.
Once the death claim is paid then the policy is null and void. The remaining insured would no longer have life insurance.
Families that do have children and both spouses work would greatly benefit from a first-to-die life insurance policy. The premium would be less than paying for two separate life insurance plans. Yet both working parents are covered so the payout from a death claim would certainly help cover the lost spouse’s missing income.
When it comes to life insurance for business owners, the payout from a first-to-die policy could provide a company with much-needed cash to continue operations and cover business debts in the event of a principal partner dying.
There are a handful of life insurance companies that sell “first-to-die” life insurance coverage while many others allow you to add a “first-to-die” benefit rider to a traditional permanent or term life policy.
What is a Second-to-Die Policy?
Second-to-die joint life insurance policies (also called “survivorship” or “last survivor” life insurance) are policies that pay out when the second insured dies.
After the first insured dies, the second insured will continue to pay the life insurance premium until they pass away. At that point, a death benefit will be paid to the named beneficiary.
Who Needs Second-to-Die Life Insurance?
Survivorship policies are mostly used for small businesses or for extremely wealthy individuals that maintain large estates.
Last survivor life insurance is intended to protect personal or company assets from being hit with inheritance taxes.
Below are several scenarios where a second to die policy makes sense.
Someone Paying Estate Taxes
The death benefit paid to the named beneficiary can be used to pay any outstanding inheritance or estate taxes. This means children (or any heirs) will not have to liquidate important assets such as homes and businesses to cover the death tax.
Let’s look at an example.
Imagine a wealthy man runs a successful trucking company. The man passes away and leaves his portion of the trucking company to his spouse. The widow’s children are all grown and she has money in the bank to cover burial costs and other expenses. Since the man passed along his company stocks to his spouse there is no inheritance tax due, and no need for a traditional life insurance death benefit.
However, when the widow dies, her children (or other heirs) will be subject to an inheritance tax bill so they might be forced to sell the business or liquidate other assets such as the family home.
If this wealthy husband and wife had purchased a second-to-die life insurance plan then the heirs would use that death benefit to cover the inheritance tax. This would allow the heirs to retain the business and other important possessions such as the family home.
Caring for a Special Needs Child
What will happen to your special needs child after both you and your spouse are gone?
The death benefit from a second-to-die (survivorship) life insurance policy can be used to provide ongoing care to your special needs child.
It’s often recommended that you and your spouse set-up a special needs trust so the benefit from your life insurance policy will not alter your child’s government benefits. Remember, the benefit from a survivorship policy is tax-free.
Leaving a Legacy
The proceeds from a survivor life insurance policy can be left to a favorite charitable organization of your choice.
If you’ve spent your life donating funds to an important charity organization, church, or university then this may be a great option. A second-to-die life insurance policy will allow you to make a large donation after your passing.
Benefits of Second-to-Die Policies
Just like any insurance policy, there are both advantages and drawbacks to second to die policies. As a person interested in purchasing life insurance, it is important to know both to decide if second to die life insurance is right for you.
It’s Cheaper Than Two Separate Policies
The main pro for any joint life insurance policy is having only one premium rather than two premiums for life insurance coverage.
For a new business or a young family, the extra cost of a second life insurance policy can actually be a deterrent from securing life insurance altogether. The savings that a joint life insurance policy offers can be a huge benefit.
Underwriters Use The Average Age of Both People Insured
In most cases, a joint life insurance policy is underwritten a bit different than a single life insurance policy and this can be very beneficial if one of the partners is significantly older or has health issues.
Underwriting looks at the average age of the proposed insureds and uses that to contribute towards premium calculations.
So if the husband is 45 years old and the wife is 35 years old the underwriter will base the rate on the average age of 40 years old. The older spouse is basically receiving a discount on the life insurance coverage in comparison to taking out his own single life insurance policy.
Saves Money if One Person has Health Issues
Underwriting will also look at the insured’s health as a group which is more beneficial for partners that do have health issues which would normally increase their premium.
The overall medical underwriting for joint life insurance policies tends to be more lenient than a single insured policy which results in a better chance of insuring a normally uninsurable partner.
Second to Die Policy Riders
The majority of life insurance companies offer their customers optional riders including the accidental death rider, guaranteed insurability rider, waiver of premium rider, and the family income benefit rider.
These types of riders are very beneficial to the insured and we recommend you consider adding them to your life insurance policy.
There is usually an additional charge factored into your monthly premium for each rider. However, the financial benefits of these types of riders far outweigh the minimal cost charged by the life insurance carrier.
Accidental Death or Double Indemnity Rider
The addition of this rider will double your death benefit amount if you die from an accident. Often the policy will stipulate an age when this coverage will expire. Pay close attention to the life insurance policies definition of “accidental”, which is often very restricted.
Guaranteed Insurability Rider (aka Renewal Provision)
This provision guarantees the term life insurance policy’s renewability at the end of its contract. If you decide to renew your policy, you will not be required to provide additional proof of your insurability. This insurance rider may expire at a certain age so be sure to read the fine print.
Waiver of Premium Rider
This extra insurance rider usually states that if you become disabled after turning 65 then your life insurance premiums will be waived. Often the rider will state that the premiums you paid during the six months of disability will be reimbursed, but it depends on the insurance company.
Once you are no longer disabled, you are required to begin paying your premiums again. However, you do not have to go back and pay any missed premiums for the period of time you were disabled. Your life insurance policy will clearly define what is considered “disabled”.
Family Income Benefit Rider
This insurance rider guarantees your family will continue receiving your monthly income if you die. This is a great rider to purchase for first-to-die joint life insurance policies where the family only has one income source. The life insurance company will ask you to select a length of time your family will continue to receive your monthly income.
Of course, the longer the period of time the more costly this additional rider will be. Most income benefit riders will decrease over time and eventually expire completely. The idea is that over the years your children will grow and begin supporting themselves so the income guarantee will not be as important.
Cons of Second to Die Policies
Despite there being numerous benefits to buying a joint life insurance policy, many life insurance agents warn against doing so for a few practical reasons.
The most common drawback is if you and your spouse (or business partner) have a joint life insurance policy and decide to part ways, you have to undo the policy.
One solution is to find out from the life insurer if they will allow an optional rider providing for the right to split the policy in case of a business separation or a divorce.
Best Companies for Second-to-Die Life Insurance
The best joint life insurance companies really depend on your budget and your unique policy preferences.
We can tell you a handful of excellent life insurance carriers that do offer joint life insurance policies. To help you decide which is best for you and your spouse (or business partner), fill out our quote comparison tool and give us a call.
|Company||A.M. Best Rating||Customer Reviews|
|Prudential||A+||4.3 / 5|
|Protective Life||A+||4.1 / 5|
|North American||A+||3.9 / 5|
|Ameritas||A||4.0 / 5|
|John Hancock||A+||4.0 / 5|
|MetLife||A+||4.1 / 5|
|Transamerica||A+||4.2 / 5|
Each life insurer offers different rates depending on you and your partner’s age, medical history, policy type, as well as other individual factors like the face amount selected.
However, you can contact us to get an estimated life insurance rate for joint life insurance policies.
Second-to-Die Life Insurance Rates
The rates listed below are simply intended to give you a better idea of your cost for covering two people as opposed to one.
It’s worth noting most joint life insurance policies are between $250,000 to more than $1 Million in coverage.
Sample Rates for a Second-to-Die Policy
Let’s review a generous $1,000,000 joint life insurance policy, guaranteed death benefit. The quotes assume both insureds are non-smokers and in good health.
|Average Age||Total Monthly Premium for a Joint Policy||Death Benefit (Tax-Free)|
Sample Rates for a Whole Life Policy
In comparison, let’s review the same $1,000,000 individual permanent whole life insurance policy. This quote also assumes both individuals are in good health and non-smokers.
|Average Age||Total Monthly Premium for Separate Whole Life Policies||Death Benefit (Tax-Free)|
Sample Rates for a 20-Year Term Policy
Finally, let’s look at a $1,000,000 individual 20-year term life insurance policy. This quote also assumes both individuals are in good health and non-smokers.
As you can see, life insurance for people over 60 begins to get increasingly more expensive. For seniors who need life insurance, we recommend comparing more options in order to find the best life insurance rates.
|Average Age||Total Monthly Premium for Separate 20-Year Term Policies||Death Benefit (Tax-Free)|
|75||Not Available||Not Available|
|80||Not Available||Not Available|
It’s important to note that once a traditional term life insurance policy reaches the end of its contract period then the policy is done and there is no additional death benefit.
Occasionally, at the end of a term life insurance policy, you may have the option to convert the coverage into a permanent plan. However, you will then be subject to a new rate at your current age which can make the life insurance policy much more expensive.
Finding the Best Second to Die Policy
When it comes to finding the best second to die survivorship life insurance policy, it is very important to be sure that you have weighed all of your options before making a purchasing decision.
To find the best second to die life insurance rates, simply use our online quote comparison tool, or speak with one of our agents today. Our independent life insurance agents can compare coverage from dozens of the best survivorship life insurance companies to find you the best policy for your specific needs.
Get a second to die life insurance quote below and give us a call today!
Spectrum Insurance Group is made up of professional life insurance agents who are licensed in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Spectrum Insurance Group has helped 1000’s of people purchase life insurance online & over the phone.
All content on this site has been written by life insurance experts & licensed life insurance agents.